THE SCHOOLPROJECTS IN AFGHANISTAN

April 2004 - School building ‘Highschool Mohammad Hasan Khan’

‘Highschool Mohammad Hasan Khan’
(since March 2012) Start of construction work: April 2004
Inauguration / handover: March 2005

After extensive research, the IAWA chose the community of Qala-ye Murad Bek, an area heavily fought over by the Mujaheddin and Taliban during the war, situated appr. 30 km north of Kabul, where due to the bombed-out schools, both local and outlying children – girls and boys – were taught outdoors as well as in UN-provided tents, irrespective of weather conditions and extreme temperature changes, during summer and winter.

The population consists primarily of refugees, among them a great many single women with children, who had returned after the horrors of war from Iran and Pakistan to their still partly destroyed hometown of Qala-ye Murad Bek.

In appreciation of the commitment of IAWA, the community of Qala-ye Murad Bek provided a campus areal of 4000 square meters free of cost. The laying of the foundation stone took place in the middle of April 2004 in the presence of the association’s chairwoman Laila Noor. In the meantime, Ms. Noor has flown to Afghanistan several times to inform herself personally on-site of the progress of the construction works and to coordinate any wishes and suggestions for the design of the premises with the school board.

In March 2005, the inauguration and official handover of the school, which had received generous financial support from, among others, the UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe e.V. (UN refugee aid) in Bonn and from many more sponsors, took place. IAWA’s chairwoman Laila Noor and its treasurer Jutta Freifrau von Taube represented the association. v. Taube anwesend. Moreover, an official delegation from the town of Qala-ye Murad Bek, the Afghan Minister of Education as well as members of the German Embassy and French officers of the International Security Assistance Force/ISAF (which had donated part of the furniture) were also present at the inauguration, appreciated by the school board and the children with a sense of joy and gratitude.

Surrounded by a 2-meter-high walled school grounds, the stone-built, single-storey school building now has 16 classrooms, a staff room, a conference room, a well-stocked library, and a six-roomed lavatory shed. Furthermore, a well and a water reservoir were installed, a sports field for the schoolchildren and, on request of the municipality, a terrace for the purpose of open communication have been created. There is also, to the joy of children and staff, a beautiful school garden in place. -In the meantime, a spacious gatehouse has also been erected, so that premises can be monitored around the clock.

The school, which was originally designed for 500 students, now accommodates 2000 girls and boys, who are taught separately in 3 shifts.

The school employs 20 teachers, a manager and principal, as well as a gardener and a guard. In order to be able to teach at this school, some of the staff put up with a one-hour commute. The salaries and running costs for the school are paid by the Afghan government.

In December 2005, external literacy and sewing courses for women were added to the program three afternoons a week. Each class has 65 participiants, with an upward trend. IAWA provided the basic materials for these classes. The salaries of the two teachers who run the classes extra-vocationally are also paid by the IAWA. To date, the women have manufactured clothing not only for themselves and their families, but also, as part of ‘capacity building’, for needy members of the community; they have also begun to produce hand-crafted items for sale.

Since the school in Qala-ye Murad Bek, still under the care of IAWA, is the only school operating all year round, with an excellent reputation, both locally and at the Ministry, the Afghan Superminister and the Afghan Minister of Education have suggested during a visit in May 2008 that it advances to highschool level, offering 13 grades and a certificate of graduation. To date, the women have manufactured clothing not only for themselves and their families, but also, as part of ‘capacity building’, for needy members of the community; they have also begun to produce hand-crafted items for sale. The IAWA took charge of the necessary reconstruction itself, and successfully. More than that, after the last visit of Laila Noor in 2010, the IAWA plans to add another storey to the school building in Qala-ye Murad Bek.

March 2007 - School building ‘Highschool Ghulam Mohammad Farhad’

‘Highschool Ghulam Mohammad Farhad’
(since March 2010) Inauguration / handover: March 2007

It was the first project in Pul-i-Tscharchi, located approximately 40 km east of Kabul. The community of Pul-i Tscharchi (meaning “Village of the Poor”), has a population that suffered particularly hard during the 23-year war.

Although a school already existed in this village, the run-down building, partly lacking windows and doors, had only 8 classrooms and 4 toilets. It could not possibly accommodate its 3500 students. Many of them had to be taught in two tents provided by the UN, and also in the open, regardless of weather conditions or season. Classes had to be held in three shifts. Moreover, the school grounds were not walled in and thus completely without security, accessible to anyone.

At the initiative of IAWA, the school was extended by 15 classrooms, a teacher’s room, a large conference room, a library and 6 toilets. By now, 6300 students are enrolled there and can attend school from the first to the twelfth grade, including graduation. Furthermore, a daycare center has been set up, where the small children of the school staff can be cared for during classes. In 2011, more than 50 graduates of this highschool attend university in Kabul.

The 24,000 square meters-wide compound has been surrounded with a high brick wall for protection. This wall is partially integrated into the construction of new classrooms as an exterior wall, by which material and construction costs could be saved.

Princess Wana, a granddaughter of the late King Zahir Shah, could be won over for the planting of the school grounds, which were also extended by a sports field. Princess Wana, who is in contact with Laila Noor, is very interested in IAWA’s projects and has expressed her readiness to be a coordinator for the association.

In March 2007, in the presence of the First Chairwoman Laila Noor and another member of the association, the school of Pul-i Tscharchi was officially transferred to the Afghan authorities. The festive inauguration, enthusiastically organized by the school staff, students, and members of the community, was also attended by the Afghan Minister of Education, the Super Minister, and a number of high-ranking officials.

Albeit the running costs for the school and the salaries of staff have by now become the responsibility of the Afghan Ministry of Education, the shortage of teaching materials and furniture, as well as arising repairs, still require financial support and supervision by the IAWA.

Fall 2009 - Building a wall around the ‘Mohammad Akbar Pamir’ school for girls

‘Mohammad Akbar Pamir’
Fall-Winter, 2009

In the village of Pul-i Tscharchi exists now a second school. It is attended by about 2000 girls from our ‘old’ school, which has become too small for its many students. The Ministry of Education in Kabul has asked IAWA for help with building a wall around the girls’ school, since a wall is a must for Afghan schools, out of security reasons. This wall was funded by the IAWA in 2009 with approx. 40.000 USD, so that around 2000 children can attend school in safety.

April 2010 - Construction of a second school building on the grounds of the ‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’ school

‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’
Start of construction works: April 2010
Inauguration / handover: March 2011

On the 24.000 square meter-areal of the first school in Pul-i Tscharchi built by IAWA, our association started to build a second one. As Mrs Noor witnessed during her spring visit in 2010, some of the students had to sit on the floor during lessons, due to a lack of adequate space and the fact that student enrolment has, in the meantime, increased to 6300. The IAWA has now provided the funds for a second school building, along with the Ministry of Education’s stipulations. This building is on the ‘old’ school grounds and contains 12 classrooms, a teachers’ room, a conference room, and a separate area with 5 toilets, at a cost of $ 123.000 USD. Am 23. The inauguration and official transfer of the school took place in March 2011, in the presence of IAWA’s president Laila Noor, the Deputy Minister of Education Mr. Pathmann, and the Afghan Senior Minister Mr. Asla.

September 2011 - Extension of the school in Qala-ye Murad Bek ‘High School Mohammad Hasan Khan’

‘High School Mohammad Hasan Khan’
Start of construction: September 2011
Inauguration / handover: March 2012

With the aid of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), which placed € 37.500,- at IAWA’s disposal for extending the school in Qala-ye Murad Bek, IAWA started to add another storey to school building in Qala-ye Murad Bek in the fall of 2011. In spite of the cold winter, the IAWA succeeded to complete this new floor in time for the beginning of the new school year in March 2012. The dedication and official transfer of the floor was made in March 2012 by IAWA’s chairwoman Laila Noor.

March 2013 - Construction of the third school building with three storeys on the premises of the ‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’ school

‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’
Start of construction: March 2013
Inauguration / handover: June 2014

In June 2012, the IAWA applied to the BMZ for € 145,000.- to erect a new school building on the campus of Pul-i Tscharchi. It was granted at the end of 2012. In the fall of 2013 the BMZ approved the extension of the school building by two more upper floors. So it will now be possible to teach approximately 6000 students in 24 classrooms. Laila Noor officially opened the school in June 2014.

March 2015 - Extension of the girls‘ school ’Mohammad Akbar Pamir’

‘Mohammad Akbar Pamir’
Start of construction: March 2015
Inauguration / handover: August 2015

In October 2014, the BMZ approved the extension of the girls’ school in Pul-i Tscharchi-Choch by one storey. The school was hopelessly overcrowded, some children were sitting on the ground or taught outdoors. The construction works began in March 2015, the building was built up by one storey with 10 classrooms and two side rooms, with benches, tables and chairs produced by local construction companies. With the expansion of this girls-only school, it is possible to carry out almost all classes in classrooms, in a three-shift system. This way, probably more older girls can attend school, because, attending a mixed school (even if lessons are in separate classes) is problematic for them out of cultural reasons, and often impossible. Many of them now have a chance to get a high-school education, after the capacity of the girls-only school has been expanded. This is a great opportunity for Afghan families in this uncertain times after the withdrawal of the ISAF. Under extremely difficult security conditions, the extension of the school was inaugurated in August 2015 by Mrs Noor.

April 2016 - Construction of a multi-functional building on the grounds of the ‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’ school

‘Gholam Mohammad Farhad’
Start of construction: April 2016
Inauguration / handover: September 2016

For the learning project of the G.M. Farhad school, a multi-functional building was built. It houses a small daycare center, where the toddlers of the teachers are cared for. Only then is it possible for mothers to go to work. In addition, the building – which is also used by the neighboring boys’ school in Pul-i-Tscharchi – accommodates a teacher’s room, a toilet and a refectory. The staff room is also used for events and conferences.

July 2017 - Reconstruction of the second storey of the ‘Ghulkhane’ High School

‘Ghulkhane’
Start of construction: July 2017
Inauguration / handover: April 2018

The mixed Ghulkhane school is located in the 6. district of the City of Kabul. Many Afghan returnees from exile or from unsafe provinces are living in the district. The existing school building was built a few years ago and has not yet been fully expanded to the capacity of 16 classrooms. Of the projected two floors, only the ground floor with 8 classrooms has been completed. The Ghulkhane School offers an intermediate education from the 1st to the 9th grade.
In the mixed Ghulkhane school, around 3200 girls and around 2300 boys are taught by 104 female and 54 male teachers in 2-3 daily shifts, partly in the classrooms and partly outdoors or in tents, during changing weather and temperature conditions.
At this school, girls and boys are taught in separate classrooms. In November 2016, the building department of the Afghan Ministry of Education asked the IAWA with an official letter to extend the second storey of the school building, so that a part of the students in the new 8 classrooms of the second storey can attend school under improved conditions. The IAWA has, with financial aid of their sponsors and the BMZ, begun the extension of the second storey in July 2017 with the Afghan construction company; the construction works started according to the blueprints. We hope that, at the beginning of the Afghan school year in March 2018, some of the pupils can already be taught in the new classrooms.